Today we are describe the Madhya Pradesh Pre Agriculture Test Exam Syllabus 2017
MP Pre Agriculture Test Syllabus 2017
1- Science : (Comprising Physics and Chemistry)
(A) PHYSICS Syllabus of Madhya Pradesh Pre Agriculture Test Exam Syllabus 2017
Unit and dimensions, dimensional analysis, S.I. Units, Motion in two dimensions Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration, General relation among position andvelocity, Uniform circular motion Force and inertia. Newtion’s Laws of motion.Conservation of momentum and energy. Static and kinetic friction. Work energy and power Elastic collisions, Potential energy, gravitational Potential energy and its angular conversion to kinetic energy. Potential energy of a spring. Rigid body rotation and conservation of its momentum. Moment of inertia, theorems of parallel and perpendicular axis. (Moment of inertia of uniform ring, disc, thin rod and cylinder only).
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation, Universal law of gravitation, geostationary satellites, escape velocity.
Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, shear and bulk modulus, surface energy and surface tension, kinetic theory of gases, gas laws, kinetic energy and temperature.
Specific heats at constant volume and constant pressure. mechanical equivalent of heat, isothermal and adiabatic processes.
Heat conduction in one dimension, convection and radiation, Stefan’s Law and Newton’s law of cooling.
Periodic motion, Simple harmonic motion, Oscillations due to spring, Wave motion, principle of superposition; Progressive and stationary waves, beats and Doppler effect.
Wave nature of light, Interference, Young’s double slit experiment, Velocity of light and Doppler’s effect in light.
Reflection, refraction, total internal reflection, curved mirrors, Lenses, mirror and lens formulae.
Dispersion in prism, absorption and emission spectra.
The human eye, defects of vision, magnification and resolving power of telescope and microscope
“e” and “e/m” for an electron, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, photocells.
Bohr model of the atom, Hydrogen spectrum, Composition of nucleus, atomic masses and isotopes, radioactivity, laws of radio active decay, decay constant, half life and mean life, Mass-energy relation, fission. X-Ray: Properties and uses.
Elementray ideas of conductor, semi-conductor and insulator, intrinsic and extrinsic semi conductors, p-n Junction as a rectifier.
Bar magnet, lines of force, torque on a bar magnet due to magnetic field, earth’s magnetic field, tangent galvanometer, vibration maganetometer.
Coulomb’s law of electrostatic, dielectric constant, electric field and potential due to a point charge, dipole, dipole field, Guass’s law in a simple geometrics.
Eectrostatic potential, capacitance, parallel plate and spherical capacitors capacitors in series and parallel, energy of a capacitor.
Electric current, Ohm’s law, Kirchhoffs laws, resistances in series and parallel temperature dependence of resistance. Wheatstone bridge, potentiometer.
Measurement of voltages as currents.
Electric power, heating effects of currents, chemical effects and law of electrolysis thermoelectricity. Biot Savart law. Magnetic fields due to a straight wire circular loop and solenoid.
Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field (Lorentz force), magnetic moment of a current loop, effect of a uniform magnetic field of a current loop, forces between two currents, moving coil, galvanometer, ammeter and voltmeter.
Electromagnetic induction induced emf, Faradays law, Lenz’s law, self and mutual inductance alternating currents, impedence and reactance, growth and decay of current in L-R circuit, elementrary idea if dynamo and transformer.
(B) CHEMISTRY Syllabus of Madhya Pradesh Pre Agriculture Test Exam Syllabus 2017
GENERAL AND PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
1. Structure of Atom : Constitution of nucleus : Bohr’s atom model : quantum numbers Aufbau principle, electronic configuration of elements (upto-Kr) : de-Broglie relation, shapes of orbitals.
2. Chemical Bond: Electrovalent, covalent and coordinate bonds, hybridisation (sp): hydrogen bond: shapes of molecules (VSEPR theory) : bond polarity, resonance, Elements of VBT a MOT.
3. Solutions: Modes of expressing concentrations of solutions: Types of solutions, Raoults law of colligative properties, non-ideal solution, abnormal molecular weights.
4. Solid State: Crystal lattices, unit cells, Structure of ionic compunds: close packed structure lonic radii, imperfections (Point defects): Properties of solides.
5. Nuclear chemistry Radio active radiations: half-life, radioactive decay, group displacement Law structure and properties of nucleus: Nuclear reaction, disintegration series artificial transmutation: isotopes and their uses : Radiocarbondating.
6. Chemical Equilibrium: Chemical equilibrium, Law of mass action : Kp and Kc : Le Chatelier principle and its applications.
7. Ionic Equilibria in solutions, Solubility product, common ion effect, theories of acids and base hydrolysis of salts: pH : buffers.
8. Thermochemistry and Thermodynamics: Energy changes during a chemical reaction: instrinsic energy enthalpy, First Law of thermodynamics: Hess’s law Heats of reactions: Second law of thermodynamics: entropy: free energy; spontaneity of a chemical reaction; free energy change and chemical equlibrium; free energy as energy available for useful work.
9. Chemical Kinetic: Rate of a reaction, factors affecting the rate, rate constant rate expression, order of reaction, first order rate constant expression and characteristics, Arrhenous equation.
10. Electrochemistry: Oxidation, Oxidation number and ion-electron methods. Electrolytic conduction. Faraday’s laws; voltaic cell, electrode potentials, electromotive force, Gibb’s energy and cell potentials. Nernest equation, commercial cells, fuel cell, electrochemical theory of corrosion.
11. Surface chemistry, Colloids and Catalysis; Adsorption, Colloids (types preparation and properties), Emulsions, Micelles, Catalysis: Types and characteristics.
1. Principles of metallurgical operations: Furnaces, ore concentration, extraction, purification metallurgies of Na, Al, Fe, Cu, Ag, Zn and Pb and their properties.
2. Chemical periodicity: S.p.d. and f-block elements, periodic Table: periodicity : atomic and ionic radii valency. ionization energy, electron affinity electronegativity, metallic character.
3. Comparative study of elements: Comparative study of the following families of elements: (i) Alkali metals (ii) Alkaline earth metals (iii) Nitrogen family (iv) Oxygen family (v) halogens (vi) Noble gases.
4. Transition metals: Electronic configuration of 3d-metal ions, oxidation states, other general characteristic properties, Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate.
5. Co-ordination compounds: Simple nomenclature, bounding and stability, classification and bonding in organometailics.
6. Chemical analysis: Chemistry involved is simple inorganic quilitative analysis:calculations based on acid-base titrimetry.
1. Calculation of empirical and molecular formula of organic compounds, Nomenclature of organic compounds, common functional groups isomerism Structure and shapes of alkanes, alkanes and benzene.
2. Perparation properties and uses of alkynes, alkynes, benzene petroleum, cracking octane number, gasoline additives.
3. Nomenclature, Physical chemical properties, correlation of physical properties with structure properties and uses of heloalkanes, halobenzenes, alcohols and phenols: General ideas of some polyhalogen compounds viz dicholorothanes, dichloroethers, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride D.D.T. benzene hexachloride.
4. Nomenclature, methods of preparation, Chemical properties correlations of physical properties with structures and uses of ethers aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, Brief account of the chemistry of Cyanides isocyanides, amines and nitro compounds.
5. Polymers: Classification: Preparation and uses of common natural and synthetic polymers.
6. Biomolecules: Classification, Structures and biological importance of carbohydrates amino acids, peptides, proteins and enzymes, nucleic acids and lipids.
2. MATHEMATICS Syllabus of Madhya Pradesh Pre Agriculture Test Exam Syllabus 2017
1. ALGEBRA: Algebra of complex mumbers. Graphical representation of complex numbers modulus, and argument of complex numbers, conjugated of a complex number, Triangle inequality, cube roots of unity. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progression. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means between two numbers. Sum of squares and cubes of first natural numbers. Theory, geometric equation, relations between roots and coefficients. uadratic expressions, quadratic equations in one variable, Permutations and combinations. Bionomial Theorem (any index) exponential and logarithmic series. determinants upto third order and their order and their elementary properties matrices types of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrix, elementary. Application in solving simultaneous equation upto three variables.
2. TRIGONOMETRY: Trigonometry functions and their graphs, addition and subtraction formulae; formulae involving multiple and submultiple angles, general solutions of trignometrical equations. Relations between sides and angles of a triangle. Solutions of triangles, inverse; trigonometrical functions, height and distance (Simple Problems).
3. CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY OF TWO DIMENSIONS: Rectangular cartesain coordinates. straight line, pair to straight lines, distance of a point from a line, angle between two lines.
Circle, tangents and normals, system of circles.
Conic section; Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola in standard forms with elementary properties, tangents and normals.
4. CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY OF THREE DIMENSIONS: Rectangular co-ordinate system. Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of place in standard forms. Perpendicular distance from a point, equation of a line angle between two lines.
5. VECTOR ALGEBRA: Definition of vector, addition of vector, components in three dimensional space. Scalar and vector products. Triple products, simple application in geometry and mechanics.
6. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS: Function, polynomial, rational trignometric, logarithmic and exponential, inverse functions. Limit continuity and differentiability of functions, differentiation of rational, trigonometric and exponential functions. Application of derivative in elementary problems in mecharics, increasing and decreasing frunctions. Maxima and Minima of function of one variable. Roll’s theorem and mean value theorem.
7. INTEGRAL CALCULUS: Integration as the inverse process of differentation. Integration by parts. By substitution and by partial fraction. definite integral. Areas under simple curves.
8. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Formulation of differential equation, ordered degree. Solution of differential equations by seperation of variable method. Homogeneous form. Linear differential equation of first order.
9. STATISTICS: Probability, addition and multiplication laws. Conditional probability. Binomial distribution. simple problems in correlation and regression.
10. NUMERICAL METHODS: Solution of equation by the methods of bisection, false position and Newton-Raphson. Numerical integration by trapezoided and Simpson’s Rule.
11. LINEAR PROGRAMMING: Definition and formation of linear programming problems. solution by graphical method.
3. BIOLOGY (Comprising Botany & Zoology) Syllabus of Madhya Pradesh Pre Agriculture Test Exam Syllabus 2017
Structural organization of cell, cell theory. Light and Electron Microscopic view of cell. Structure and functions of cell organelles : Nucleus Mitochondria, Chloropast Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex-lysosome, microbodies microfilaments Ribosomes. Centrioles and Plasmids, Eukaryotic Chromosome (Morphology) cell and plasma membrane. Difference between plant and animal cell Division, cell cycle significance of mitosis and meiosis.
Mendel’s Laws of inheritance, Monohyobrid and dihybrid cross; linkage and crossing over of genetic material DNA relication, genetic code transcription transcription and gene regulation.
Difference between prokaryote and Eukaryotes : Structure reproduction and economic importance of viruses Mycoplasma, Bacteriophage, Cynobacteria (Nostoc) and Bacteria.
Five Kingdom classification Binomial Nomenclature : Extrenal morophology and life cycle of Spirogyra mucor, Funaria Selaginella and pinus.
Elementary knowledge of microsporogenesis megasporogenesis. Fertilisation endosperm and embroyo development in Angiosperms.
Tissue and tissue systems, meristematic and permanent tissue, Mineral nutrition-essential elements and their functions: uptake of minerals transport of water and solutes. Transpiration Photosynthesis and Respiration: Importance, mechanism and factors affecting these processess: Photorespiration.
Enzymes and growth hormones with reference to their classification. Chemical nature, mode of action importance. Elementary idea of photoperiodism and phytochrome.
Ecosystem – Structures and function, Major ecosystems i.e. lake and Forest; Food chain, Food Web and Energy flow, Ecological crisis- Role of man in polluting Environment – Air Water and Soil.
Role of plants in human welfare : A general knowledge of plant products of economic value-Drugs, Fibers, Cereals.
Wheat and Rice, Pulses (gram), Oil seeds (Ground nut), Sugarcane, Coal and Petroleum. Food preservation-Methods and importance.
Principle of plant breeding and its role in improvement of crops. Biotechnolgy; scope and importance in Agriculture and industries manufacture of cheese. Yoghurt Alcohol Antibiotics.
MULTICELLULARITY – STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF ANIMAL LIFE :
– Structure and function of Animal tissues Epithelial, Connective Muscular, Skeletal andNerve.
– Histology of Mammalian organs – Stomach, Intestine, Liver, Kidney, Lung, Testes and Ovary.
– Structure and Physiology of different organ systems of Human body. Skin, Digestive system, Respiratory System. Criculatory system.
– Skeleton, Joints, Muscles on the basic of movement Receptors.
– Endocrine system with special reference to various Endocrine glands of man and Hormonal co-ordination.
– Vitamin & minerals (source and disorders due to deficiencies).
DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS :
– Female reproductive cycles in mammals. Gametogenesis alongwith structure of sperm and ovum. Types of eggs, Fertilization, cleavage types of cleavage and blastula. development of mammals upto three germinal layers. Foetal membranestructure and functions.
– Growth, repair and ageing, amniocentesis.
– Chromosomes, Types of chromosome, Human karyotype and chromosomal abnormalities and syndromes, Hormanal, Chromosomal and Genic Balance theory of sex determination, Sex linkage and sex linked inheritance in Man. Blood Group and their significance, Blood Bank.
– Tissue culture, Genetic Engineering (Brief idea). Mutation gene mutation.
– Human population natality Mortality, Sex ratio Population explosion, dynamics of humaan life with respect to food supply, housing health and standard of living impact of population problems and their control.
TAXONOMY EVOLUTION ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY :
– Classification – Bionomial and trinomial nomenclature, Basic features of classification, Classification of different animal phyla upto classes with characters and suitable examples.
– Origin of life, Theories of organic evolution-Darwin, Lamarck, Synthetic Evidence of organic evolution, Human Evolution.
– Economic Zoology/Sericulture, Apiculture, Lac culture, Poultry, Fishery and pearl industry.
– Protozaon disease in relation to man. Insect carying diseases in relation to man.
– Cancer-types of cancer and cancer cell. Communicable diseases (Hepatitis, AIDS) STD, Immune Response, Vaccines and antisera allergies.
– Smoking, alcoholism and drug addiction, symptoms and control.
– Wild conservation.
– Pesticides – Uses, advantages and hazards.
4. AGRICULTURE (Arts and Science Group) (Ag.)
(i) Importance and scope of Agriculture in our National Economy and Development.
(ii) Measures to be adopted for increasing the yeild of crops.
(i) Distribution of crop Zones depending upon the rainfall in M.P. (i.e.) Weather recording-Rainfall, Temperature, Humidity and atmospheric pressure.
(i) Importance of Soil, Soil texture, soil structure, mineral matter, soil organic matter, soil and organism
(ii) Different soil of M.P. and their Characteristics
(iii) causes of infertility and ways to improve them.
(i) Definition of tillage, tillage operations such as ploughing, harrowing intercultureetc.
(ii) Tillage implements-Country plough, improved plough, harrows, cultivators, thresheres, winnower and seed drills.
5. Manures Fertilizers
(i) Major and minor plant nutrients
(ii) organic manures F.Y.M.compost, Green manures, Oil cakes
(iii) Inorganic Fertilizers – Nitrogenous, phosphatic and Potash Fertilizers.
6. Weeds and weed Control
(i) Defination of weeds, damage caused by weeds
(ii) Weed control methods mechanical Biological and Chemical.
7. Inrrigation and Drainage
(i) Need Objects of irrigation and drainage
(ii) Sources of irrigation and drainage.
8. Cropping Schemes: Importance and principles of Crop-rotation, mixed cropping, multi cropping, Dry farming.
9. Crop Producation
(i) Classification of crops
(ii) Cultivation of following crops with reference to their land preparation, manuring, sowing, seed rate, irrigation, interculture, imporved varieties, control of diseases and pests, yield per hectare, Major crops paddy, Wheat, Jowar, ground nut and cotton Minor Crops-Arhar, Moong, Soybean, Linseed and Mustard.
(i) meaning and scope of Horticulture
(ii) Planting system, pruning, training and intercropping
(iii) Elementary idea regarding ornamental plants, annuals, shrubs, trees hedges.
11. Cultivation of fruit plants
(i) propagation of plants-cutting, budding, layering gootee, grafting and inarching
(ii) Elementary idea regarding ornamental plants, annuals, shrubs,trees hedges.
12. Cultivation of vegetables
(i) classification of vegetalbe as per family seasons and uses
(ii) cultivation of Potato, Cauliflower, Radish, Onion, Tomato, Brinjal, bhindi and Chillies.
13. Fruit and vegetable preservation
(i) General principles and methods of fruit and vegetable preservation.
14. Animal Husbandry
(i) Important breeds of cow and buffaloes
(ii) care maintenance and housing of cattles
(iii) Principles of feeding and balanced ration of cattles.
15. Milk and milk testing
(i) composition of milk of cows and buffaloes
(ii) Testing of milk by lactometer.
16. Milk products and Dairy machines
(i) Preparation of Cream, ghee, Butter, Khoya and Dahi
(ii) Construction of working of cream separator.
17. Diseases of Cattles
(i) Sings of sick animal
(ii) Common diseases of cattle, their prevention and control.
18. Poultry Farming
(i) Important Poultry breeds and their characteristics
(ii) Warehousing and feeding of Poultry breeds
(iii) Hatching of egg by natural and artificial methods
(iv) Grading and marketing of eggs
(v) Common diseases of poultry, their prevention and control.
5- [ELEMENTS OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS]
(USE FOR AGRICULTURE) AG.-1
(I) AGRICULTURE PHYSICS :
1. Principle of Archimedes, Floating bodies density and relative density, determination of R.D. by Hydrometers.
2. Atmospheric pressure. Fortins barometer and its relation to weather condition manometer.
3. Pumps – Force and vacuum pumps, symphon suction pumps.
4. Friction – Laws of Friction, angle of friction, coefficient of friction and its determination, advantages and disadvantages of friction.
5. Machine – simple machines such as plas, lever, pully. Simple wheel, their construction and working mechanical advantages, Velocity ratio efficiency of machine.
6. Gravitation and gravity; Relation between ‘G’ and ‘g’ simple harmonic motion simple pendulum law of gravitation.
7. Unit of heat, Specific heat, thermal capacity, water equivalent of heat, determination of Specific heat of solid and liquid, Latent heat, determination of latent heat of ice and steam.
8. Transmission of Heat-Conduction, Convection and Radiation. Conductivity, good and bad conductor, New-tons law of cooling-simple idea.
9. Light, Rectilinear propagation of light, Shadow and eclipse, pinhole camera, reflection through Prism, Dispersion of light, dispersive power spectrum, their type, spectometer.
10. Optical instruments, Human eye, its defects, photographic camera, simple and compound microscope Telescope.
11. Magnetism, Magnetic Field, Intensity of magnatic field, lines of forces; Neutral point, Couple acting on magnet placed in a uniform magnetic field. Magnetic movement of magnet, tangent law and its limitation.
12. Electric charge- electric potential, electric field and its intensity due to a point, potential inside a conductor.
13. Electrical capacity, its unit, its value for a Spherical conductor, principle of condensers capacity of spherical and parellel plate condenser.
14. Ohm’s law, Resistance, grouping of resistance, electomotive froce and potential difference. Potentiometer its principle, comparision of EMF of two cells by potentiometer.
15. Elementary idea of heating effect of current, Joule’s law determination of ‘J’ by Joules Calorimeter, elementary, idea of the house wiring electric iron, electric power and energy.
(II) AGRICULTURE CHEMISTRY :
1. Atomic Structure: Bohr’s atomic model, Distribution of electrons according to Bohr- Bory Rules. Radioactivity and atomic disintegration.
2. Chemical Bonds : Characterstics of electrovalent, Covalent and Co-rodinate Bonds.
3. Ionic Theory : Uses of ionisation, Solubility product, Hydrolysis, neutralisation, Ionic product of water. Determination of pH Buffer Solution, Nutritional importance of Soil pH.
4. Colloids: Lyophilic and Lyophobic, properties of colloids, colloidal solutions, protective colloids, gold number, Soil colloids clay and humus.
5. Introduction of important minerals present in soil and their chemical composition.
6. Chemical Fertilizers: Manufacture of different fertilizers of N.P.K. and their utilization Micronutrients.
7. Volumetric analysis : Strength of solution, Normality, determination of equivalent weight of acid, base and salt.
8. Introduction to Organic Chemistry, Determination. of empirical, molecular and structural formula of simple organic compounds.
9. Classification and nomenclature of organic compounds, Isomerism.
10. Saturated and unsaturated Hydrocarbons, Mathane, Ethylene, Chemistry of gobar Gas.
11. Fermentation, ethyl alcohol, Aliphatic carboxylic acid-Acetic acid, Urea.
12. Oil and fats, extraction, Composition and properties, manufacture of soap, Vanaspati Ghee, use of oil in paints.
13. Elementary Biochemistry, Carbohydrates, proteins, Lipids, Vitamins and enzymes.
(III) AGRICULTURE MATHEMATICS:
1. Arithmetic Progression: Definition, formula to find the nth term. Formula to find sum of an terms. Definition of arithmetic mean. lnsertion of given number of mean between two given quantities. Finding of remaining quantity when any three of S, a d, n are given.
2. Geometric Progression: Definition, Formula to find the nth term, sum opf n terms, geometric mean insertion of geometric means between two given Quantitites. Finding or remaining quantity when any three of ks, a, n are given.
3. Logarithms and Common Logarithms: Definition of product division of number raised to any power characteristics of the logarithim of any number greater than unity. Characteristics of the Logarithm of a decimal fraction.
4. Trigonometrical functions of angles of any size and sign. Trignometrical ratios of an angle (90+) (190) (80+)
5. Trigonometrical ratio fo the sum and difference of two angles. Geometrical proof for sin (A+B), Cos (A+-B) product formula for Sin (C+ – sin D), (C+ – CosD)
6. Statistics: Calculation of mean, mode, median and standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped data using various formula.
(IV) AGRICULTURE, BOTANY, ZOOLOGY:
1. Plant Anatomy :- (i) Root-Structure and Functions(ii) Stem-Structure and Functions (iii) Leaf Structure and Functions.
2. Agril Botany Zoology : Classification of plants, (i) Outline of classification of plants, (ii) Study of the following families, (a) Compositeae (b) legumininoseae (c) Cucurbitae (d) Solananceae (e) Mavaceae (f) Cruciferae (g) Gramineae.
3. Plant Breeding and Genetics : (i) Definition of Genetics and plant breeding and role of Genetics in plant breeding (ii) Cell-its structure and cell division (iii) Principle of inheritance (iv) Self and cross polinated crops, (v) Methods of breeding field crops.
4. Plant Physiology: (i) Respiration, types function, (ii) Photosynthesis (iii) Transpirations (iv) Plant growth and development.
5. Animal Kingdom: (i) Classification of animal kingdom, (ii) Useful and harmful insects of agriculture Silk work, Honey bee, LAC insect, Termites, Grass hopper, grass caterpillar. Anatomy and physiology, elementary internal anatomy of grass hopper, earthworm and cockroach with reference to digestive. Respiratory and reproductive system.
[6. (A) CROP PRODUCTION AND HORTICULTURE]
1. (i) Introduction and activities of agriculture and crop production, (ii) Importance of crop production in National Economy (iii) Different Branches of Farming and their importance.
2. Soil and Soil Fertility : (i) Soil and its constitutents (ii) Physical properties of Soil-Soil texture and Structure porespace, specific gravity, plasticity, cohesion and soil temperature (iii) Formation of soil-classification of soil in M.P. and their characteristics (iv) Soil corrosion its kind, their causes and control, measures of soil conservation (v) Soil acidity and alkalinity and their reclaimation soil-pH.
3. Tillage : (i) Object of tillage, tillage operations, ploughing, levellling, harrowing, intercultivation (ii) Tillage implements, country plough imporoved ploughs, harrows and cultivators, threshers, winnowers and seed drills, tractor driven implements.
4. Manures and Fertilizer (i) Essential element for plant growth (ii) Description and uses of organic manures. F.Y.M. Compost green manures (iii) Differnet Nitrogenous, Phosphate and potash Fertilizers, properties and uses.
5. Production of crops: (i) Classification of crops according to seasons and economic classification (ii) Cultivation of Kharif Crops- Jowar, Maize, Groundnut, Cotton, Paddy, Soybean, Arhar, Urad, Moong (iii) Rabi crops-Wheat, Linseed, Mustard, Sugarcane, Gram, Barely under following heads 1. Preparation of land 2. sowing operation 3. Seed
rate per hectare 4. Manures and fertilizer 5. irrigation 6. Interculture and weeding 7. Imporved varieties 8. Yield per Hectare 9. Disease: pests and their control.
6. Irrigation land Drainage : (i) object of irrigtion and drainage (ii) sourcs of irrigation and drainage (iii) Method of irrigation and drainage (iv) Water requirements of crops (v) Duty and discharge of water, (vi) Common water lifts. Diesel and electric pumps.
7. Weed and weed control.
8. Cropping scheme, importance of principles if: (i) Crop rotation (ii) Principle cropping (iii) Mixed and inter cropping (vi) Dry farming (v) Cooperative farming.
9. Elementary Surveying-Importance of Surveyng. elementary survey with the help of chains, instruments used in survey as optical square, cross staff offset rod, dumpy level, recording of field book.
10. Introduction (i) Importance and scope of Horticulture (ii) Pomology – Location and layout. (iii) Planting system – training, pruning, inter-cropping, winds breaks, protection from frost and sun burn (vi) care maintenance and rejuvenation of fruit, orchards.
11. Vegetable Gardening (i) Kitchen gradening (ii) Cultivation of Radish, Carrot, cole crops, Onion Brinjal, Chilies, Tomato potatoes.
12. Fruit cultivation (i) Vegetative propagation-Budding, inarching and Goottee cutting, Grafting and layering (ii) Cultivation of Papaya, Banana, Grapes, Mango, Guava and citrus frruits.
13. Ornamental Gardening (i) General Cultivation of Winter and summer season annuals (ii) Ornamental and flowering plants. Trees shrubs, climbers, hedges and hedges plants. (iii) common ornamental and flowering plants e.g. Rose, Canna and chrysanthemum (iv)Preparation and maintenance of lawns.
14. Fruit and Vegetable preservation- Canning and bolt ling Technique (i) Simple canning and botting techniques use of suitable containers like aluminised plastic and paper (ii) Washing, Blandching and peeling of fruit and Vegetables, trading of fruits for canning.
15. Preservation of Fruits and Vegetables (i) General principles and methods of fruit and vegetable preservation (ii) Processing by heat, preservation by antiseptic drying, preservation by fermentation dehydration and packing (iii) Preparation of jelly, Lime squash and Tomato sauce.
16. Rural Finance (i) Cultivator’s Finance needs for farmers (ii) Source of credit (iii) Organisation of Rural Cooperative credit and marketing societies.
[6. (B) ELEMENTS OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND POULTRY FARMING]
(A). 1. Introduction :- (i) Importance of Live stock in Indian Economy, (ii) Body parts of cow and buffalo and description of important systems, respiratory, digestive, reproductive, secretion of milk.
2. Improved Cattle Breeds :- (i) Cow (ii) Buffalo (iii) Goat and (iv) Sheep.
3. Care and management of Cattle :- (i) Animal Hygiene (ii) Cattle housing sheds for bullocks, bull, milch cattle etc. (iii) Special attention for rearing of calves, pregnant and milch cattle, working bullocks and bull.
4. Breeding of Cattle :- (i) Breeding Line breeding and cross breeding, Mendel’s laws of breeding (ii) Artificial insemination in cattle with examples.
(B) 5. Dairy Farming: (i) General idea regarding dairy farming as a business in village and town conditions requirement of land, labour, captial; management techniques.
6. Milk Production :
(i) Different methods of milking,
(ii) Principles of clean milk production
(iii) Factors affecting quality and quantity of milk.
7. Composition of milk :
(i) Definition of milk
(ii) Milk constitutents
(iii) Composition of Milk: Factors affecting composition of milk.
8. Physical properties of milk :
(ii) Boiling Freezing point
(v) Specific gravity use of Lactometer
(vi) Gerber’s method for fat test.
9. Feed and Feeding :
(i) Principles of Feeding of dairy cattle
(ii) Different types of feeds and fodders and their nutritive calues – Kharif and Rabi Fodders: Hay and silage crops
(iii) Preservation of fodders making of silage, hay silopits hay silopits.
(iv) Computation of balanced ration of cows, buffaloes, bullocks, bulls goats and sheep.
10. Judging of Cattle :
(i) Importance of Judging,
(ii) Judging method, Score card method and on the basis of body parts,
(iii) Judging the age of cattle by rings on the horn and by the teeth development.
11. Dairy appliances :
(i) Constrution of appliances and their cleanliness
(ii) working of cream separator and tis parts. Butter churner, Butter worker.
12. Milk Products :
(i) Preparations of cheese. Cream, Ravri, Dahi, Butter, Ghee, condensed milk. Milk powder and their composition.
13. Common diseases of Cattle :
(i) Symptoms of sick Animals,
(ii) Symptoms of different diseases. Rinderpest Foot and Mouth disease. Blackquater, Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, Anthrax and piroplasmosis:
(iii) their prevention and control measures.
14. Poultry Farming :
(ii) Scope and limitation of Poultry Farming,
(iii) important breeds of poultry for eggs, meat
(iv) Hatching of eggs and uses of incubator.
15. Housing and ration for poultry birds :
(i) Poultry sheds, layout model sheds
(ii) Ration of poultry bird-chicken, Growere, layers and Broilers.
16. Diseases of Poultry :
(i) preventive control measures,
(ii) Bacillary White diarrhoea, Ranikhet Coccidiosis, Fowl, Pox, Fowl cholera, Ecto and endoparasites.
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